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J&k UT History Basic Information

J&k UT History Basic Information for Jkssb Exams

Basic Important Information About Jkut

The Jammu and kashmir is a Region administered by India as a union territory

  • Total Area of J&k is 42,241 km’2
  • Capitals: Srinagar May- October  Jammu Nov- Dec ( winter capital
  • Districts : The Jammu and kashmir UT consists of two divisions kashmir and Jammu division having 20 districts
  • Biggest district in area wise in jammu division is Doda total area is 14.25 km2 ( 5.50 sq mi)
  • Smallest district in jammu and kashmir is Ganderbal
  • The jammu and kashmir created as Union territory on 31th october 2019
  • Highest elevation ( altitude) Nun Kun peak it is a mountain massif of greater himalyan range ( 7,135 m) 23,409 feet)
  • Lowest elevation that is … Chenab river 247 m ( 810ft)
  • Population as per census 2011 (12,267,013)
  • HDI value 2018 ( 0.688 Medium)
  • The Jammu and kashmir is home to several valleys such as kashmir valley, Tawi valley, Chenab valley( includes Doda,kistwar, Ramban) poonch valley , sind valley, is a himalayan sub valley of kashmir valley ( lidder valley Himalayan sub valley southeastern corner of district anantnag.
  • The Himalayas divide the kashmir valley from Tibetan Plateau while pir panjal range which encloses the valley from the west and south ,separtes it from punjab plain of indo gangetic plain.
  • The Jehlem river is major Himalayan river flows throughout the kashmir valley
  • The chenab, tawi and Rawi are the important rivers flows through jammu region.
  • NH44 is a major north south national highway in india and is longest in the country It connects two capitals srinagar and jammu


Education : According to census 2011 the literacy rate of Jammu and kashmir was 67.17 % Male literacy 75% while female literacy was at 56.43%

Lok Sabha Constituencies

  • Baramula
  • Srinagar
  • Anantnag -Rajouri
  • Udhampur
  • Jammu





The Highest Populous district in kashmir is Jammu

The state boundaries of jammu and kashmir are punjab and Himachal Pradesh, The least populated district in jammu region is kishtwar  The Districts in J&k Having Highest Sex Ratio Kulgam and shopiyan

The highest populated district in kashmir is Srinagar

  • As per the Census 2011, In terms population the ranking of states 1, jammu 2. Srinagar, Anantnag, Baramulla, Currently in 2024, from 2011 to 2024 the population increased in all districts but Ranking is same
  • The Highest Literacy rate 1. Jammu around 83% Samba 81%
  • Lowest Literacy Districts: Ramban, 2. Budgam 3. Kishtwar

The districts in jammu and kashmir have lowest sex ratio are Kupwara and Rajouri  The jammu and kashmir total sex ratio is as per census 2011 including ut of ladak 889 per thousand people which is below the national average of 940 according to 2011 census


  • First Lt governor was Grish chandra Marmu
  • First inspector General of Registration ( Pawan Kotwal)
  • First Chief Secretary of JKUT : V.R Subrahmanyam Current CEO of Niti Ayaog
  • First Judge of High court take oath Under indian Constitution is Justice Rajesh Oswal
  • Biggest town : Anantang
  • Biggest city: Srinagar
  • Biggest Glacier : Kolahoi
  • Biggest Golf course : royal spring
  • Biggest Cascade : Aharbal
  • Biggest Masjid in kashmir : jamia Masjid
  • Biggest Temple in Kashmir : Ragunath Temple
  • Biggest fresh water lake: Wular lake
  • Deepest lake : Mansbal lake
  • Oldest fort : Bahu fort
  • Longest Tunnel : Dr shyama Prasad Mukherjee Tunnel ( Chenani Nashri Tunnel
  • Animal : Kashmiri Stag ( Hangul)
  • Ut bird : Khalij Bird Pheasant ( Wan cokar) Declared on 21 oct 2021 as state bird
  • Ut tree chinar ; Ut Flower is Lotus












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